According to preliminary figures by the Federal Association of the Energy and Water Industry (BDEW), renewable energy sources are estimated to have accounted for 28.5% of the gross domestic electricity consumption in the first half of 2014 (up from 24.6% in 2013). The increase is due to continued growth and favourable weather conditions. Electricity and gas consumption in total declined because of mild weather.
1. Renewable and Conventional Power Output in the First Half of 2014
Total wind power output in the reporting period was 31 billion kWh, up 21.4 %. PV power production rose by 27.3% to 18.3 billion kWh. Biomass recorded a rise of 5.2%, generating 22 billion kWh.
BDEW warned again against drawing conclusions from the first half of 2014 for the whole year, pointing out that renewable output was varying strongly over the seasons.
Conventional power production developed as follows in the reporting period: The share of natural gas in gross electricity generation fell to 9.8% (2013: 11.4%). Hard coal-fired plants accounted for 18% (2013: 19.7%), while output from nuclear power climbed slightly from 15.1% in 2013 to 15.4%. The share of lignite-fired plants was only slightly lower at 25.1% compared with 25.3% in the same period last year.
Total gross electricity generation in the first half of 2014 amounted to 308 billion kWh (2013: 320 billion kWh). This can be broken down to 77 billion kWh generated by lignite power plants (2013: 81 billion kWh), roughly 56 billion kWh (2013: 63 billion kWh) generated in hard coal-fired power plants, 30 billion kWh (2013: 36 billion kWh), generated by natural gas-fired power plants and 47 billion kWh (2013: 48 billion kWh) from nuclear power plants.
2. Power Consumption in the First Half of 2014
Electricity and gas power consumption declined in the first half of 2014. Gas consumption even fell by almost 20% compared with the same period last year, amounting to 445.7 billion kWh (first half 2013: 555.5 billion kWh). BDEW cites the warmer weather in 2014 as the main reason, which lead to reduced natural gas input for the production of heat and CHP. Another reason was the decline of production in the chemicals industry, BDEW says. Adjusted by temperature effects natural gas consumption fell by almost 7%, according to BDEW.
In the same period electricity consumption declined by 5% to 268 billion kWh (2013: 282 billion kWh). BDEW again names the mild weather as the main reason and says that the decline could only partially be made up for due to differing economic trends in the various industry sectors.
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- BDEW: Renewables Account for 27% of German Gross Electricity Consumption in First Quarter of 2014
- Fraunhofer ISE: Strong Increase in Renewable Input in Q1, Particularly from Solar Power Plants
- BDEW Presents Electricity and Gas Data for 2013 and Calls for More Cost Efficiency of Renewables Law
- BWE/VDMA Information on Offshore Wind Power Growth in Germany in 2013