Some 2012/2013 Statistics on Energy Imports and Consumption in Germany and the EU

The German Federal Statistical Office (destatis) has presented new data about the dependence of the EU Member States on foreign energy imports in 2012. Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (AGEB) has also provided some additional 2013 German energy data.

1. Destatis 2012 Data

Destatis provided 2012 statistical information on imports of solid fuels, crude oil and mineral oil products and gas. To describe import dependency, the Federal Statistical Office analysed the relation between net energy imports and primary energy consumption. Net imports reflect the difference between exports and imports of energy. Highlights include:

  • 17 of 28 of the EU Member States meet over half of  their requirements on energy  by imports. On average the import percentage in the EU is 53.4%.
  • Malta tops the eurostat list, having to import 100% of its energy, followed by Luxemburg (97.4%) and Cyprus (97%).
  • Germany’s energy import dependence  was 61.1%.
  • Denmark is the only a net exporter of energy, with a negative import energy dependence of -3.4.

2. AG Energiebilanzen 2013 Data

Arbeitsgemeinschaft Energiebilanzen (Working Group Energy Balances – AGEB) recently released further data on the structure of the primary energy consumption, its development, and  generation of energy in Germany in 2013.

Their data for 2013 primary energy consumption shows:

  • The share of renewable energy increased to 10.4% (up from 10.3%  in 2012)
  • The share of natural gas increased to 22.9% (up from 21.7% in 2012)
  • The share of nuclear decreased to 7.7 % (down from 8.1% in 2012)

Their data for 2013 import dependency shows:

  • The percentage of imported energy in AGEB’s calculation is 71%. Please note that AGEB and eurostat percentages differ, as eurostat treats nuclear energy as domestic (and therefore does not include in imported energy), whereas AGEB treats it as imported energy.
  • Germany imports 98% of its mineral oil and 88% of its gas, while the import quoat for renewable energies is only 3%.

Source: destatis, AGEB

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