New Direct Marketing Peak for Renewables

The four transmission system operators 50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT and EnBW have published new figures on direct marketing quantities for renewables. They show that the direct marketing total – after a decline in April 2015 – has increased in the first half of 2015 by 6.9% to 48,627.12 MW in July.

While direct marketing was a voluntary option under the EEG 2012, it is the rule under the EEG 2014 (cf. Section 2 para. 2 EEG 2014) for most plants that started operations after 1 August 2014. Only few exceptions exist (cf. Sections 37 and 38 EEG).

Under the EEG 2012 and the EEG 2014 that became effective as of 1 August 2014, operators can claim a market premium in addition to the sales revenue obtained (cf. Section 34 EEG 2014). In order to receive such market premium, plants have to be equipped with a remote control function. (cf. Section 35, 36 EEG 2014). This requirement applies to all renewable energy plants, regardless of their date of commissioning. However, old plants (which were commissioned before 1 August 2014) could be retrofitted by 1 April 2015. Due to that retrofitting requirement some older plants were no longer able to participate in direct marketing. Consequently, the share of direct marketing in April 2015 declined from 47,433.48 MW (March) to 44,471.01 MW in April.

The figures changed significantly between April and June, reaching a new high in July with 48,627.12 MW. The figures in 2014 were much lower, with 36,001 MW in January and 40,739 MW in July, indicating a difference of 9,522.98 in January and 7,888.12 MW in July.

The following data refer to direct marketing of renewable power for which a market premium under the EEG 2012 respectively the EEG 2014 (as of August 2014) was claimed.

Onshore Wind Power

Onshore wind energy has increased 1,503 MW since January 2015. The onshore wind plants were only slightly affected by the remote control requirement. The direct market capacity dropped in April from 33,829.09 MW (March) to 32,148.81 MW (April), reaching a new level in July with 34,114.37 MW.

Offshore Wind Power

Offshore wind capacity is currently at 2,932.76 MW. In January only 1,264.60 MW offshore wind capacity were sold directly by operators.  Offshore wind figures in June and July 2014 were much lower at 621.70 MW.

Solar Power

The direct marketing of PV increased by 136.79 MW since January and is now at a figure of 6,137.64 MW. Solar energy was particularly impacted by the requirement of a remote control function by 1 April 2015. The direct marketing share decreased in April 2015 from 6,217.56 (March 2015) to 5,416.26 MW and is currently only slightly higher than the figure in January (6,000.85 MW).

Biomass:

The biomass share in January amounted to 4,699.43 MW and increased until March up to 4,762.42 MW.  Also biomass power plants were affected by the remote control requirement and hence, this number dropped in April to 4,310.35 MW. Since then the amount of directly sold biomass capacity is increasing again and reached 4.566,84 MW in July, which is still below the level of January 2015.

Other Renewable Energy Sources

Landfill, sewage and mine gases also increased, although affected by the remote control requirement. Capacity sold directly by the operators declined from 268.45 MW (January 2015) to 117,71 MW (April 2015) and is now increasing again to 220.11 MW (July 2015). Hydropower increased slightly, i.e. from 638.59 to 640.80 MW. Geothermal energy increased slightly from January (11.12 MW) to 14.62 in February and stagnates since then at this level.

Sources: www.netztransparenz.de; www.energie-und-management.de

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