The final version of the 2009 EEG Statistics report compiled by the Federal Network Agency shows that installed renewable energy capacity eligible for EEG feed-in tariffs rose to 41,335 MW. This represents an increase of 19% compared with 2008.
In Germany the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) promotes renewable energy by guaranteeing fixed feed-in tariffs. Different tariffs are set for different renewable energy technologies. In total the installed capacity of all EEG installations accounted for 27% of the gross electricity generation capacity in Germany in 2009. With a share of 61%, wind power was the most important renewable energy source, followed by solar energy (24%) and biomass (10%). Offshore wind was only 35 MW. Solar energy enjoyed the highest expansion rate (62%). For the 2010 PV figures, which again increased considerably, please see here.
Roughly 75,000 GWh of renewable energy were fed into the German grid in 2009 (+5% compared with 2008), representing 12% of the gross electricity generation in Germany. With a share of 51% wind power was the main renewable energy source, followed by biomass (31%) and solar energy (9%).
The average feed-in tariff was 14.36 ct/kWh (2008: 12.67 ct/kWh). In total EEG payments in 2009 amounted to almost EUR 11 billion (+20%), with wind, solar and biomass all receiving a share of approximately 30%.
Instead of claiming EEG feed-in tariffs, renewable energy can be marketed directly. However, only 318 GWh of green electricity (0.4% of the EEG total) were sold directly.
Most of of renewable energy that is directly marketed is sold to utilities that benefit from the green power privilege. It exempts utilities partially from the EEG reallocation charge (also called EEG surcharge – EEG-Umlage) if they supply electricity originating at least 50% from renewable energy sources. The surcharge covers the difference between market prices for renewable energy and feed-in tariffs pursuant to the EEG.
Electricity falling under the green power privilege rose from just under 99 GWh in 2008 to just under 230 GWh in 2009, accounting for 72% of the directly marketed renewable energy. Due to this increase (and the potential further further increase) the privilege has recently been reduced. Supply to end customers by utilities benefiting from the green power privilege increased from 140 GWh in 2008 to 392 GWh in 2009. Yet, this only represents a share of 0.1%.
Operators of solar installations that started operating on or after 1 January 2009 can claim EEG payments for self-consumed electricity. However, self-consumption of solar energy only accounted for less than 5 GWh in 2009.
Source: Federal Network Agency
- German PV Capacity 2010: 1,174 MWp in December Add up to 7,408 MWp Total for 2010
- Increasing Contribution of Renewables to German Energy Supply in 2010
- BDEW Survey of 2010 Electricity Generation Sources
- Share of Renewable Energy in Gross Electricity Consumption Rises to 17%
- Increase in Primary Energy Consumption Stronger Than Economic Growth
- Global Wind Day – Wind Power Statistics Germany 2009