The Baden-Württemberg coalition government (Green Party/Social Democrats) approved the key points of a Climate Protection Act. It provides for a reduction of CO2 emissions by 90% in 2050 compared with 1990. However, for 2020 it lowers the target to 25%. The federal target is 40% for 2020.
Environment Minister Franz Untersteller pointed out that former government had declared its 2020 target in view of the 2010 energy concept of the government that foresaw an extension of the operating times of the then existing 17 nuclear power plants. With the reversal of the Federal government’s energy strategy after the Fukushima nuclear accident, eight nuclear power plants were immediately shut down and the rest is being phased out until 2022. Baden-Württemberg with a 50% dependence on nuclear power was especially hard hit by this decision, Mr Untersteller said.
On the other hand, the new government wants to raise the share of green electricity to approximately 38% by 2020, as the 20% target of the former government has almost been reached with 17%. Subject to approval by parliament, the government plans to raise funding from EUR 9.5 million in 2011 to EUR 20 million in 2012. As in Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia, other states ruled by SPD/Green coalitions, and Bavaria, onshore windpower shall play an important role. It shall cover 10% of the electricity consumption by 2020, compared with roughly 1% today, Prime Minister Winfried Kretschmann said.
Based on the key points for the Climate Protection Act, the cabinet also passed an Energy and Climate Protection Concept. It details the measures implementing the targets. According to Verivox Information, the concept includes support for small and medium-sized companies in their efforts to increase energy efficiency. To this end, the government allegedly wants to launch a support programme together with the state bank of Baden-Württemberg. In addition to the planned, but not implemented federal funds for energy-efficient renovations of private buildings, the state of Baden-Württemberg wants to promote renovations in an attempt to raise the renovation rate from 0.8% to 2% annually. In view of the failed efforts of the German Federation to pass an Act on Fiscal Measures Promoting Energy-Efficient Renovations of Residential Buildings, this information is noteworthy.
Baden-Württemberg is the second German state to propose a Climate Protection Act. Last year North Rhine-Westphalia presented its proposal for a climate protection law. As of February a climate protection plan containing the necessary measures and intermediate objectives shall be set up, the NRW government announced.