Copenhagen Accord

The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen is over.  It ended with a minimalist so-called “Copenhagen Accord“, falling shot of many of the original goals.  The “Copenhagen Discord” leaves plenty of room for improvement during a conference now scheduled in Bonn for the middle of next year.

An agreement drawn up on Friday 18 December 2009 by the leaders of the US, China, India, Brazil and South Africa, has been recognized Saturday morning by the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Copenhagen.

“The conference of the parties takes note of the Copenhagen Accord,” says a final decision.

The text will be the subject of many discussions, and it remains to be seen how many countries will effectively sign on to the Copenhagen Accord.  Annex I Parties shall commit to implement individually or jointly quantified economy-wide emissions targets for 2020, to be submitted in the format given in Appendix I of the Copenhagen Accord to the secretariat by 31 January 2010.  Non-Annex I Parties shall implement mitigation actions also by 31 January 2010.

According to the Danish daily Berlingske, the COP15 President, Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen, expressed satisfaction:

“I am satisfied. We have achieved a result. Now nations will need to sign on, and if they do so, they will support what has been agreed (in the Copenhagen Accord).  This will have effect immediately.”

Chancellor Merkel defended the conference’s result in an interview with Bild am Sonntag.  She considered the Accord a first step in a new global strategy on climate change.  One should still refrain from “bad mouthing” the result.

The text of the Copenhagen Accord can be downloaded at UNFCCC: COP15/CMP 5, the official website of the Climate Change Conference.

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